Karaman, Emirate of

   First of the new emirates (q.v.) to emerge from the ruins of the old Sultanate of Rum (q.v.). Established ca. 1260 in Cilicia and in the Taurus (qq.v.) Mountains, by the early 14th century it had expanded as far as Ikonion, the Seljuk (qq.v.) capital. By the end of the 14th century it was the preeminent state in southeast Anatolia (q.v.). Its relations with Byzantium (q.v.) were minimal, but not so with the Ottomans (q.v.), who assaulted it repeatedly before conquering it in 1475.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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